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Revolutionary citizens: African Americans, 1776-1804

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Oxford University Press,
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It is not entirely clear who provoked the British musket fire at the Custom House in Boston on March 5, 1770, but the volley wounded eight men and killed five. Crispus Attucks, a tall, young mulatto, was one of the men who died in the confrontation. He would later become a revolutionary hero,celebrated as "the first to defy, and the first to die" in the cause of colonial liberty that went down in history as the Boston Massacre. When the American Revolution broke out six years later, African Americans like Crispus Attucks were among the first to rally to Patriot banners. As they foughtto free their country, they also fought to free themselves from slavery. This nation's fight for independence from Great Britain laid bare the contradictions between slavery and freedom for African Americans. It was a contradiction many resolved to settle. Some joined with other colonists in striking direct blows for liberty. Others, meanwhile, heard the pleas forloyalty to the British crown, and with the promise of emancipation as their reward, remained faithful to the old order only to see it vanish before them. But whether in the poems of Phillis Wheatley, the legal action of Quok Walker, or the efforts of businessman Paul Cuffe, Americans of Africandescent helped define what it meant to be revolutionary citizens. By 1804, however, slavery seized a new lease on life. "King Cotton" demanded black slaves and produced a generation born into servitude. Unlike their immigrant forefathers, these African Americans had no memory of a homeland and depended upon stories handed down around fireplaces, campfires, andbedsides for their knowledge of their ancestors. They might hear of people who had fought with the British, or against them, or of people who had gone overseas or run away and formed communities of their own. Unfortunately, they would have few opportunities for such heroics in the 19th century. In Revolutionary Citizens, author Daniel C. Littlefield brings to life African-American heroes and heroines who both shaped and were shaped by the times in which they lived. From their embrace of religion to the formation of independent institutions such as the Free African Union Society, AfricanAmericans inserted themselves into the social and cultural life of the country. Ever aware of the implication of freedom, they spread word of their own efforts throughout the Americas.
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Grouping Information

Grouped Work ID b959cd4e-359b-501a-1789-62ddfe4c791a
Grouping Title revolutionary citizens african americans 1776 1804
Grouping Author littlefield daniel c
Grouping Category book
Last Grouping Update 2018-05-09 23:37:14PM
Last Indexed 2018-07-20 01:10:38AM

Solr Details

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author Littlefield, Daniel C.
author_display Littlefield, Daniel C
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collection_school Non-Fiction, Reference
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display_description Chronicles the lives of African Americans during the Revolutionary War and the early years of the nation.
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lexile_score -1
literary_form Non Fiction
literary_form_full Non Fiction
local_callnumber_school 973 LIT, 973.0496 LIT, 973.0496 YOU, R 973 LIT
owning_library_school Schools
owning_location_school Donelson Middle, East Nashville Magnet High, Hunter's Lane High, John Early Middle, MLK Jr. Magnet
primary_isbn 9780195087154
publishDate 1997
record_details ils:CARL0000096356|Book|Books||English|Oxford University Press,|c1997.|141 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
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subject_facet African Americans -- History -- To 1863 -- Juvenile literature, United States -- History -- 1783-1815 -- Juvenile literature, United States -- History -- Revolution, 1775-1783 -- African Americans -- Juvenile literature
title_display Revolutionary citizens : African Americans, 1776-1804
title_full Revolutionary citizens : African Americans, 1776-1804 / Daniel C. Littlefield
title_short Revolutionary citizens :
title_sub African Americans, 1776-1804
topic_facet African Americans, History